Nepal: Socialism vs Neorevisionism

Whither UCPN(M) General Convention?

— DR. BISHNU HARI NEPAL

bishnu hari nepalThe General Convention of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), 2-7 February 2013, gave an unprecedented and disappointing message to the revolutionary communist parties of the world and Nepal. It went to the Chunbang way disrespecting the last two National Conventions of Kharipati and Palungtar.

The Baidhya faction ahead of the Bauddha National Convention had blamed the UCPN(M) leadership that it had plunged into opportunism and surrender-ism. Because Prachanda and Baburam had dissolved the party’s  People’s Liberation Army including the YCL, and other establishments, and had handed over the keys of the  cantonments to the government on 11 April 2012 without writing the People’s Federal Democratic Constitution.

The historic Bauddha National Convention decided to establish the CPN-M.  One step forward to the charges of opportunism and surrender-ism, the Bauddha Convention followed the parts of nine-blunder-charges (of nau ‘ga’ -gaddaari) to the establishment side by this author in the first historic separate Central Committee Meeting in Kopundole on 31 May 2012. Out of nine charges, the first was of neorevisionism. (see Rajdhani Daily, Box News,1.6.2012, p.1) The Kopundole CC meeting did not pass it the very day. Till then, the party was not clear to split. But the nine-charges (nau ga proposal) developed confidence on theoretical and practical bases to come to a conclusion of dissidence to the line of people’s revolt. The theme in general was passed by the Bauddha National Convention of 15-19 June 2012 and the 7th General Convention of the CPN-M of 9-15 January 2013 blaming the UCPN (M) as neorevisionist.  Read the rest of this entry »

Nepal & India: Questions to Comrade Kiran

This interview was originally posted in Nepali on weeklynepal, an online Nepali news portal, then translated into English. There is a minor edit for clarity. 

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Are you an anti-India leader?
I’m not anti-India but inimical to the Indian oppression and hegemony.  I’m not against India and the normal Indian people. Those who call me an anti-India are seriously flawed. We are internationalists and patriotic at the same time. Therefore, we have no antagonism with India and the normal Indian people. Our belief is that Nepal should not face Indian oppression.  Alongside this we have opposed Nepalese puppets as well.

Who are the puppets in the nation, today?
Nepal is a semi-colonial and semi-feudal country. Post WW-II, the usual practice of direct colonisation has come to an end. In these modern days oppression and exploitation is widely maintained by inducting domestic puppets within oppressed nations itself.

Has your protest against India benefited Nepal?
Lets not take the issues that we have raised as simple as a protest. There are problems, how this government will act upon to solve these problems is the principle theme. CPN-M is a political party. We have raised issues through surfacing the problems. In the past Baburam had raised the same issues himself. If there are problems, they need to be resolved. Now, we still need to see what happens between Indian oppression and the Nepalese government. We come across problems almost every day, like the border encroachment, removal of original border pillars, installation of new border pillars in wrong places etc.  Don’t we need to look at these things?

So a protest against India will resolve the problem?
We have not just opposed India. We have opposed the Indian oppression as well as its Nepalese puppets. This is an opposition to the Nepalese government as well; or else let the government resolve the problems or warn Indian expansionism. We have problem of unregulated vehicular movements, revenue and custom etc. These are issues that need to be resolved.

Read the rest of this entry »

Nepal’s Comrade Basanta: International Dimension of Prachanda Path

This article written by Comrade Basanta, which was published on The Worker No 10, May 2006 – an official publication of the then communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) has been re-posted here for a record and to link with his recent article titled “International Dimensions of Prachanda’s Neo-revisionism“. Source Single Spark.

Introduction

Nepal, a small landlocked country, which has been suffering from semi-feudal and semi-colonial exploitation and oppression mainly after the penetration of British imperialism in 1816 through Sugauli Treaty, has now become well-known to the people, both the oppressor and oppressed classes, of the world. The incredible transformation in the politico-economic domain undergone in the vast countryside of Nepal during the past ten years and the process of coming close to seizing central power by the oppressed masses in Nepal has become a source of encouragement and inspiration for the oppressed people the world over. On the other hand, it has become an ideological and political threat for imperialism, mainly the US imperialism presently led by George W. Bush. The People’s War has made Nepal reach this glorious height right in the beginning of twenty-first century with nothing other than the strength of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and its creative application in the particularity of Nepalese politico-economic contour. The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), the vanguard of Nepalese proletariat, has been leading this revolutionary process under the adept leadership of Chairman Comrade Prachanda.

This short period of ten years in the Nepalese history has indeed been the most important and tumultuous period of class struggle to change the political, social and cultural landscape of Nepal. Naturally, a question has come up as to why the Nepalese People’s War, unlike others, acquired such a big victory in a short span of time? What we believe is that the reason behind this amazing success of People’s War is the correct application of dialectical and historical materialism, the philosophy of MLM, in practice in the concrete condition of Nepalese society. Regarding this, Comrade Prachanda, in an interview to Janadesh on February 13, 2006, says, “Our Party has been very seriously grasping the importance of a applying materialist dialectics to carry out concrete analysis of concrete condition, the living soul of Marxist science, which seeks truth, and of following mass line to transform truth into people’s strength”. Based on this understanding, when our Party creatively applied MLM with tactical flexibility and strategic firmness, and maintained correct sequence between political and military intervention against the state power, it resulted in great leaps in the development of Nepalese People’s War. Read the rest of this entry »

Nepal’s Comrade Basanta: International Dimensions of Prachanda’s Neo-revisionism

Article from the Maoist Outlook Magazine issue No 1, August 2012.

I had authored an article about 6 years before. It was entitled: “International Dimensions of Prachanda Path“. The article, published in the 10th issue of The Worker, Party organ in English, had created debate in the international communist movement.

Is Prachanda Path really a creative development of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism or merely a deviation from it was the question under debate at that time. Given the development of people’s war in leaps, one after another, it was also not an easy task for them to take position against it. But, most of the revolutionary parties did not assimilate it rather they opined that it resulted from the ideological deviation on the part of CPN (Maoist).

The wave of Prachanda Path, which was said to be the synthesis of the experiences of 5 year’s long stormy people’s war, had stretched all across the world. It was not unnatural too. Party had defined Prachanda Path as a series of particular ideas generated by the Nepalese revolution. I had prepared that article as our party, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), comprehended it at that time.

Unsurprisingly, Prachanda was happy with the article.

After 6 years now, I am writing again a short article centring on Prachanda. It is titled: “International Dimensions of Prachanda’s Neo- revisionism.” Some readers may think that Basanta is correct because Prachanda has taken a U-turn from his earlier Marxist-Leninist-Maoist position. Someone may say that to think of Prachanda, who considers Marxism as a vibrant science and applies in practice accordingly, a revisionist is the result of mechanical and dogmatic thinking on the part of Basanta and his team-mates. This debate will obviously surface in the days to come. The revolutionaries will regard that Basanta is correct; but the revisionists and liquidationists will do its opposite. Naturally, this article will not make Prachanda happy this time. Read the rest of this entry »

Nepal: Comrade Kiran answers the journalists during press meet after the formation of CPN-Maoist

These questions and answers are from the press conference that was organized on the 19th of June 2012 by the newly formed Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist, which finally ruptured from the then Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) after a long history of fierce two-line struggle in the party preceding a 2 day long National Convention held in Kathmandu, Nepal. Chairman of the newly formed CPN-M, Comrade Kiran (Mohan Baidya) answered the questions raised by journalists during the press conference. There is a minor edit for clarity.

The uncut-hour long audio of the press conference question and answer session can be found here . Only useful to Nepali listeners.

Thanks to Comrade Pooja  for taking her time to make this audio available in English transcription.

 

Comrade Kiran

Please click on the image for larger view.

Q: – How do you justify the formation of the new party? How should general people understand this?

A: - Communist party is a party for the benefit of the proletariat and the people. In the case of Nepal, the aim of a communist party remains to move forward, raising the issues of safeguarding national sovereignty; people’s democracy and livelihood then ultimately leap towards socialism and communism. This is self-proven. In the process of attaining this aim we went through people’s war, and did considerable amount of work among and with the people. We built our base areas, practiced our newly formed people’s power but then conciliation took place amidst as we moved forward to build a new Nepal.

I’m not saying that we shouldn’t compromise, we should but while compromising, the act of abandoning our entire basis (achievements) has happened. The act of slipping down from our mission and objectives has happened. The dream we carried was of a constitutional assembly but where is the constitution? How did the constituent assembly function? Talking about people’s livelihood, how has the corruption been mounting-up? That fact is clearer. In the process of making a constitution there was an agreement to move forward institutionalizing the rights of the working class, indigenous people, ethnic minorities, women & dalit; including the rights of all oppressed class, region and gender but ditching all these primary issues of constitutional thematic committees it is apparent that ex-chairman, Prachanda surrendered everything to Congress & UML by forming a dispute resolution sub-committee under the constitutional committee. Read the rest of this entry »